Tag Archives: Molière
poulet

poulet

  Le billet doux ou la lettre d’amour (circa 1775), by Jean-Honoré Fragonard (1732-1806) source: Wikimedia Commons/The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York       MEANING   a love letter     ORIGIN   It is a borrowing from the French noun poulet, literally chicken and chicken meat, used figuratively in the sense of […]

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virtus dormitiva

virtus dormitiva

  Molière dans le rôle de César dans La Mort de Pompée de Corneille (circa 1650) par Nicolas Mignard (1606-68) – image: Musée Carnavalet     This Latin expression is composed of virtus, virtue, and dormitiva, feminine of dormitivus, dormitive. It first appeared in the following lines in dog Latin of Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary […]

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Mamamouchi

Mamamouchi

  frontispiece and title page from a 1688 edition of Le Bourgeois gentilhomme     In his comédie-ballet Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (literally The Bourgeois Gentleman – 1670), the French playwright and actor Molière (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin – 1622-73) invented the word Mamamouchi, an imaginary Turkish title that Monsieur Jourdain is gulled into thinking the son of the Grand Turk confers upon him. (Jourdain is […]

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touchstone

touchstone

  goldsmith’s touchstone carved with initials HB and the date 1642 photograph: Finch & Cº – Antiques & Works of Art     Touche stone to prove golde with John Palsgrave – Lesclarcissement de la langue francoyse (1530)       MEANING   A touchstone is a standard or criterion by which something is judged […]

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a little bird told me

a little bird told me

  Le Malade imaginaire (The Imaginary Invalid) Honoré Daumier (1808-79)     The phrase a little bird told me is used to indicate that the speaker knows something but chooses to keep the identity of their informant secret.   The earliest occurrence of the phrase that I could find is in The Chapter of Accidents […]

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Le nénufar et l’ognon (ou les avatars de l’orthographe française)

  Le préjugé orthographique ne se justifie ni par la logique, ni par l’histoire… il se fonde sur une tradition relativement récente, formée surtout d’ignorance. Histoire de la langue française, par Ferdinand Brunot (1860-1938)     Les Français considèrent souvent l’orthographe de leur langue comme quasi sacrée – comme si elle était gravée dans le […]

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